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Posts Tagged "health research"

PAMF Research Institute Wins AHRQ Grant to Study Efficiency Across Large Healthcare Systems

Lowering medical costs while improving care cannot be achieved unless improvements in healthcare efficiency made at a few pilot sites of an organization can be adopted at all sites. Recognizing this, the Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality (AHRQ) has issued a contract valued at more than $750,000 to the Palo Alto Medical Foundation Research Institute (PAMFRI). The money will fund a study led by Dorothy Hung, Ph.D., M.A., MPH, assistant scientist at PAMFRI, to analyze and disseminate PAMF’s effort to implement the “Lean” management system across the entire organization. This contract leverages ongoing work that Dr. Hung and her team are conducting as part of an internal evaluation of Lean at PAMF. Read More

New PAMF Study: Alcohol Increases Health Risks for Older Adults

According to a new study by researchers at the Palo Alto Medical Foundation Research Institute (PAMFRI), alcohol consumption by seniors (aged 65 and older) increases their risk for accidents and other serious health problems, particularly in the context of chronic health problems, medication use and poor functional status.

The study’s objective was to estimate alcohol use among Americans aged 65 and older and to compare this use against National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) recommendations. Using national survey data from the 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), the study also assessed alcohol-related health risks for seniors.

Sandra R. Wilson, Ph. D.

Sandra R. Wilson, Ph.D.

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Are Mobile Apps Effective for Weight Management?

Mobile apps may be a fun way to track our physical activities and diet but many of them do not include features that are most likely to lead to long-term behavior change. This is a key finding of a recently published study conducted by  the Palo Alto Medical Foundation Research Institute (PAMFRI). The study evaluated mobile apps that target primarily nutrition and weight tracking based on strategies commonly used to guide behavior change. The study will be published in the November issue of the  American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

In the United States, rates of overweight and obesity continue to rise. With 61 percent of U.S. adults owning a smartphone, software apps offer a new and promising approach to behavioral lifestyle intervention.

“Given the thousands of apps available that target diet and weight loss, we were very interested to see if the popular ones included features that we know will help people achieve their long-term health goals,” said PAMFRI Assistant Research Physician Lenard Lesser, M.D., MSHS.

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American Diabetes Assoc. Awards Grant to PAMF Research Institute

Latha Palaniappan, M.D., M.S., principal investigator, PAMF Research Institute

PAMFRI to Study Gestational Diabetes Among Asian Americans

Researchers at the Palo Alto Medical Foundation Research Institute (PAMFRI) have received a $300,000 grant from the American Diabetes Association to conduct a three-year study on gestational diabetes among Asian Americans.

Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar (glucose) that starts or is first diagnosed during pregnancy. Women with gestational diabetes may have increased perinatal health risks and are also at increased risk for the later development of type 2 diabetes. Although Asian Americans have the highest rates of gestational diabetes in the United States, there is limited information regarding racial/ethnic differences in gestational diabetes among Asian American subgroups (Asian Indians, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean and Vietnamese), compared to Non-Hispanic Whites.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Asian Americans are the fastest growing racial/ethnic group in the United States, with a population of more than 14 million – and this figure is projected to reach nearly 34 million by 2050. At the Palo Alto Medical Foundation (PAMF), Asian Americans comprise the largest racial/ethnic minority group of all patients.

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Cardiovascular Disease the Leading Cause of Death for California’s South Asians

Doctors at the Palo Alto Medical Foundation Research Institute (PAMFRI) today released a new study that quantifies that cardiovascular heart disease (a category of illnesses of the heart or blood vessels) is the leading cause of death for South Asians in California. More than 1.6 million South Asians live in the United States, more than one quarter of them in California.

 

Latha Palaniappan, M.D., M.S., is the lead PAMFRI researcher on this study. She collaborated with investigators at the University of California, School of Public Health to study California mortality records from 1990 to 2000. All of the study details are available in today’s complete press release, with the stunning conclusion: four out of every 10 South Asians in California dies of cardiovascular disease. Read More